Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). We promote a sound financial system by operating in an innovative, efficient, effective and reliable manner. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. The expanding tourist sector is key to the island’s economy. Voting is open to all residents of Curaçao with Dutch nationality who are at least 18 years old. The decline of phosphate mining and automation in the oil industry aggravated problems of unemployment. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Updates? The harbour can accommodate large tankers, and the island is located at the junction of trade routes that pass through the Panama Canal. The capital is Willemstad. The need for salt to preserve herring initially drove the Dutch to the Caribbean. Curaçao developed large modern dry-docking and bunkering facilities and became one of the largest ports in the world in terms of total tonnage handled. Noticias de Curazao en Español Visita www.NoticiasCurazao.com In addition, Willemstad is an important Caribbean banking centre. UNIVERSIDADES ISLA DE CURAZAO ORGANIZACION POLITICA Poder Ejecutivo Poder Legislativo Curazao Economía Narcotráfico Turismo Comercio MONEDA La moneda local es el florín holandés de las antillas abreviado “Nafl.” O “Ang”. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Curaçao has a unicameral Parliament (Staten), with 21 members elected on the basis of proportional representation for a term of no more than five years. The currency is the Netherlands Antillean guilder or florin. Llueve generalmente durante la noche. Here in Curacao, you're free to explore every inch of our Caribbean paradise. It has remained continuously in Dutch hands since 1816. The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. Save 50% off a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Curaçao was settled by Arawak people from the South American mainland. The economy of Curaçao depends heavily on petroleum refining, using crude oil imported from Venezuela. The head of state is the Dutch monarch, represented by a governor, and the head of government is the prime minister. The judiciary consists of a Court of First Instance and a Common Court of Justice of Aruba, Curaçao, Sint Maarten and Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba. Corrections? All fresh water used on the island is distilled from seawater. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Curaçao - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Is Spanish the official language of Andorra? On October 10, 2010, Curaçao and Sint Maarten became—like Aruba, which had separated from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986—countries within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The Dutch found oil in Lake Maracaibo, Venezuela, but, because the lake was too shallow for oceangoing ships, the oil was transported in smaller vessels to Curaçao for refining and transshipment. In spite of the government’s attempts to diversify the economy by encouraging light industry, there are only a few manufacturing firms, and all consumer goods and food must be imported. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Curaçao is the home of the oldest continuously inhabited Jewish community in the Western Hemisphere, originally formed by Sephardic Jews who emigrated from Portugal in the 1500s. Black Friday Sale! Colourful houses of Punda, Willemstad, Curaçao. In 2006 the people of Curaçao, along with those of the other islands and the Dutch government, agreed to dissolve the Netherlands Antilles. It now produces oranges, the dried peel of which is the base for the famous Curaçao liqueur that is distilled there. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. The island provided one special advantage for the Dutch—one of the finest natural harbours in the West Indies. It was first visited by Europeans in 1499 and was settled by the Spanish and, later, by the Dutch, who established it as a major centre of trade for the Dutch West India Company. During the period 1660 to 1700, the Dutch West India Company flourished; the slave trade boomed, and the port of Curaçao was opened to all countries both to receive the incoming food supplies and to dispose of products from the plantations of South America. The Supreme Court of the Netherlands is the court of final appeal. It was first visited by Europeans in 1499 and was settled by the Spanish and, later, by the Dutch, who established it as a major centre of trade for the Dutch West India Company. In spite of having scant rainfall or little fertile soil, the island developed a major sugarcane-plantation economy under Dutch colonial rule. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. A Council of Ministers, presided over by the prime minister, forms government policy. Is Portugese the official language of Brazil? Sort fact from fiction, and test your fluency in this quiz of official languages. En la isla de Curazao, el clima es soleado y seco durante casi todo el año. Aloes, which had originally been imported from Africa, do not require irrigation and are still exported for pharmaceutical uses. • It is situated some 37 miles (60 km) north of the coast of Venezuela. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. A minister plenipotentiary from Curaçao resides in the Netherlands and represents the country there at meetings of the Netherlands Council of Ministers. Curaçao, island in the Caribbean Sea and a country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. • Start planning your trip today, and Feel It For Yourself. La estación de lluvias comienza en octubre y termina en diciembre. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Those dependencies were reorganized as the Netherlands Antilles in 1954 and granted autonomy in internal affairs. Está fijado al dólar US$ a un cambio estable de US$1 = The Spanish deported the entire indigenous population as slaves to Hispaniola in 1515. Both courts handle civil and criminal cases. Your IP: 188.8.131.52 Omissions? The island was subjected to frequent invasions from competing privateers and suffered during the wars between the English and Dutch. At the southeastern end of the island, a channel, Sint Anna Bay, passes through reefs to a large, deep, virtually enclosed bay called Schottegat, the site of the capital town, Willemstad. Although physiographically part of the South American continental shelf, Curaçao and neighbouring islands off the northern coast of South America are usually considered to constitute the southwestern arc of the Lesser Antilles. Curaçao was settled by Arawak people from the South American mainland. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Las temperaturas se mantienen constantes todo el año (28ºC), gracias a los vientos alisios que refrescan el clima permanentemente. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fa1f3b9c86f04d4 Curaçao is independent in internal affairs, but the government of the Netherlands is responsible for defense, foreign relations, and similar matters. In 1845 Curaçao was one of the six Dutch dependencies in the West Indies that were brought under collective administration. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware.
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