", Ahmad, Al-Musnad 14:331 #18859: "The Prophet ﷺ is reported to have said, 'Verily you shall conquer Constantinople.  In early 1465, Mehmed II sent peace feelers to the Venetian Senate; distrusting the Sultan's motives, these were rejected.. It was Çandarlı Halil Pasha's effort to bring Murad II back to the throne. Simferopol: Stilos. Graitzas Palaiologos was the military commander there, stationed at Salmeniko Castle (also known as Castle Orgia). The younger son, renamed Mesih Pasha, became admiral of the Ottoman fleet and sanjak-bey of the Gallipoli. An Ottoman army under Hadim Pasha (governor of Rumelia) was sent in 1475 to punish Stephen for his meddling in Wallachia; however, the Ottomans suffered a great defeat at the Battle of Vaslui. The Albanian resistance led by George Kastrioti Skanderbeg (İskender Bey), an Albanian noble and a former member of the Ottoman ruling elite, curbed the Ottoman expansion. El kan Mehmed propuso que le entregaran a los rebeldes a cambio de 70.000 monedas de oro y 400 caftanes satinados. , In 1446 Murad II returned to throne, Mehmed II retained the title of sultan but only acted as a governor of Manisa. [citation not found], Pir Ahmet as well as his brother Kasım escaped to Uzun Hasan's territory.  However, many people escaped again from the city, and there were several outbreaks of plague, so that in 1459 Mehmed allowed the deported Greeks to come back to the city.  According to the contemporary Ottoman historian Neşri, "Sultan Mehmed created all of Istanbul". Por Guilhem de Encausse. The Crimean Tatars controlled the steppes that stretched from the Kuban to the Dniester River, but they were unable to take control over the commercial Genoese towns called Gazaria (Genoese colonies), which had been under Genoese control since 1357. She was sister of Ali Bey, and mother of his youngest son Cem. Mara Brankovic (Mara Hatun), the former younger wife of Murad II, told a Venetian envoy that the invasion had been worst ever defeat for the Ottomans. According to a survey carried out in 1478, there were then in Constantinople and neighboring Galata 16,324 households, 3,927 shops, and an estimated population of 80,000. Ottomans and Hungarians fought during the years till 1456. A Venetian vessel ignoring signals to stop was sunk with a single shot and all the surviving sailors beheaded, except for the captain, who was impaled and mounted as a human scarecrow as a warning to further sailors on the strait. In 1463, Sultan Mehmed II led an army into the country. However, Vlad's policy of staunch resistance against the Ottomans was not a popular one, and he was betrayed by the boyars's (local aristocracy) appeasing faction, most of them also pro-Dăneşti (a rival princely branch). The royal city of Bobovac soon fell, leaving Stephen Tomašević to retreat to Jajce and later to Ključ. When Mehmed II was eleven years old he was sent to Amasya with his two lalas (advisors) to govern and thus gain experience, per the custom of Ottoman rulers before his time. Mehmed replied: Mother, in my hand is the sword of Islam, without this hardship I should not deserve the name of ghazi, and today and tomorrow I should have to cover my face in shame before Allah.. According to historian Franz Babinger, Mehmed was regarded as a bloodthirsty tyrant by the Christian world and by a part of his subjects. İbrahim escaped to a small city in western territories where he died in 1464. Mehmed II Giray reunió en consejo a sus beys y murzas (myrzas), que se opusieron a una nueva campaña persa. For the bridge that spans the Bosphorus strait, see, Repopulation of Constantinople (1453–1478), harvnb error: no target: CITEREFShaw1976 (, The A to Z of Moldova, Andrei Brezianu, Vlad Spânu, p. 273, 2010, The A to Z of Moldova, Andrei Brezianu, Vlad Spânu, p. 242, 2010. sfn error: no target: CITEREFMamboury1953 (, تاريخ الدولة العليّة العثمانية، تأليف: الأستاذ محمد فريد بك المحامي، تحقيق: الدكتور إحسان حقي، دار النفائس، الطبعة العاشرة: 1427 هـ – 2006 م، صفحة:178–177, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of campaigns of Mehmed the Conqueror.  His successor Stephen the Great rejected Ottoman suzerainty and a series of fierce wars ensued. Mehmed II eventually heard of these intrigues and was further provoked to action by David's demand that Mehmed remit the tribute imposed on his brother. Even today, many quarters of Istanbul, such as Aksaray and Çarşamba, bear the names of the places of origin of their inhabitants. Building projects were commenced immediately after the conquest, which included the repair of the walls, construction of the citadel, a remarkable hospital with students and medical staff, a large cultural complex, two sets of barracks for the jannisaries, a tophane gun foundry outside Galata and building a new palace. He was just beginning new campaigns to capture Rhodes and southern Italy, however according to some historians his next voyage was planned to overthrow the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and to capture Egypt and claim the caliphate. Los hijos del kan, junto a los otomanos invadieron la región de Shirván, pero fueron derrotados en un enfrentamiento entre Şamaxı y Şabran por el ejército persa bajo el mando del beylerbek Peyker-kan. Gaza Giray, que encabezaba el ataque, cayó prisionero. In addition he founded, and encouraged his viziers to found, a number of Muslim institutions and commercial installations in the main districts of Constantinople, such as the Rum Mehmed Pasha Mosque built by the Grand Vizier Rum Mehmed Pasha. He captured Sinope and ended the official reign of the Jandarid dynasty, although he appointed Ahmed as the governor of Kastamonu and Sinope, only to revoke the appointment the same year. Around the grand mosque that he constructed, he erected eight madrasas, which, for nearly a century, kept their rank as the highest teaching institutions of the Islamic sciences in the empire. Mehmed issued orders across his empire that Muslims, Christians, and Jews should resettle in the City demanding that five thousand households needed to be transferred to Constantinople by September. Kısım, 7. baskı, sf: 1-2-3-4, Türk Tarih Kurumu Yayınları-2011, Ord.
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